Baking ingredient conversions chart (2023)

If you are looking to convert baking recipes from cups to grams, use the tables of baking conversions below to guide you when converting ingredients like powdered sugar from cups to grams, or flour from cups to grams, or butter from cups to grams. There's a little math involved, but it's worth it. Once you know how to convert a recipe from one unity of measure to another, you will be able to bake almost anything, regardless of where the recipe was developed or how the ingredients were measured.

Baking ingredient conversions chart (1)

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In North America, most home bakers are used to using measuring cups to measure out ingredients for baking, whether dry ingredients, or wet ingredients. In Europe and other parts of the world, it's more common to weigh ingredients and use a kitchen scale. To convert recipes from weights to volumes, or from metric units to imperial units, you will need to get comfortable with all the ways we express and abbreviate volumes. Get the baking conversion charts bundle to help you convert pans, ingredients, volumes, weights, temperatures, and more!

Jump to:
  • Get familiar with the units of measure and their abbreviations
  • Kitchen tools you need for measuring ingredients
  • Why "how much does 1 cup weigh" isn't the right question to ask
  • Conversions for fats
  • Flour
  • Sugars
  • Chocolate
  • Nuts
  • Oats
  • Converting metric volumes (mL) to imperial volumes (cups)
  • Baking conversions chart

Get familiar with the units of measure and their abbreviations

Some recipe writers will spell out the units of measure in their recipe, as grams and ounces, for example, while others may abbreviate them to g and oz. Here's a rundown of the commonly used abbreviations for the units of measure used in baking.

Volume units

In baking, volumes are usually expressed with the following units and abbreviations:

  • teaspoon is abbreviated to teaspoon or sometimes t
  • tablespoon is abbreviated to tablespoon or sometimes T
  • cups aren't usually abbreviated but you may see them written as C or c
  • millilitre is abbreviated to mL
  • litre is abbreviated to L
  • fluid ounces are abbreviated to fl oz

Basic baking conversions to remember for volumes

While teaspoons and tablespoons are common in many countries, they aren't common everywhere. Furthermore, 1 teaspoon or 1 tablespoon can mean different volumes, depending on the location, though commonly, the conversions for volumes are as follows:


  • 2.5 mL is ½ tsp
  • 5 mL is 1 tsp
  • 15 mL is 1 tablespoon (in most countries)
  • 20 mL is 1 tablespoon (in Australia)
  • 60 mL is ¼ cup
  • 80 mL is ⅓ cup
  • 125 mL is ½ cup
  • 180 mL is ¾ cup
  • 160 mL is ⅔ cup
  • 250 mL is 1 cup
  • 8 fl oz is 250 mL or 1 cup
  • 32 fl oz is 1 L

Weight units

Bakers express weights using the following units and abbreviations:

  • ounces are abbreviated to oz
  • grams are abbreviated to g
  • kilograms are abbreviated to kg
  • pounds are abbreviated to lb

Conversions for imperial to metric weights

  • 1 lb is equivalent to 16 oz or 454 g
  • 2-¼ lb is equal to 1 kg
  • 1000 g is equal to 1 kg

Remember that when you measure out dry ingredients, use cup measures designed for dry ingredients (like these on Amazon), like flour, sugars, oats, etc. On the other hand, use a measuring cup designed for liquids (like this one onAmazon) when you need to measure ingredients like milk, water, and anything that is fluid!

While both tools measure volumes, it's a lot easier to fill dry measuring cups with dry ingredients and level them by running the back of a knife across. And liquid measuring cups make filling, pouring, and walking around a lot less messy. No spills! Trust me! For nut butters, I use dry measuring cups. Use the tool that you are most comfortable with.

For small quantities of ingredients, never weigh them unless you have a scale that can handle small weights of less than 10 grams. So for ingredients like baking soda, baking powder, and salt, use tablespoons and teaspoons, not your kitchen scale.

If you are unsure, consult this guide to measuring baking ingredients so you use the tools you have properly!

Baking ingredient conversions chart (3)

Get the baking conversion charts

One essential tool if you want to transition to baking with your kitchen scale by weight instead of with measuring cups is a baking ingredients conversion chart. I've put together an easy-to-use printable Baking Conversions Chart with all the most common baking ingredients that you will need to bake most recipes, including the ones on this blog. The baking conversions chart includes cups, metric & imperial measurements (grams & ounces), and it's printable! Buy the complete bundle of baking conversion charts to convert ingredients, pans, temperatures, volumes, weights, and more.

(Video) Baking Conversion Chart || Grams || Ml || Cups || Tablespoon || Teaspoon || measurements by FooD HuT

Here are the tools you need to measure ingredients in your kitchen:

  • Dry measuring cups: I like heavy duty stainless steel dry measuring cups that sit flat on the counter so that I can spoon ingredients into them easily without the risk of them tipping over. I recommend this OXO set of dry measuring cups from Amazon, which hold together with a magnet.
  • Set of measuring spoons: I own this stainless steel set that you can find on Amazon. The spoons fit in most jars.
  • Liquid measuring cups: I like this set of glass Pyrex measuring cups that you can find on Amazon. Ideally, you should have a 1 cup liquid measuring cup and a 2 cup liquid measuring cup. I also have a 4 cup measuring cup, which is more useful for cooking than baking (like if you have to measure large cups of stock or water for soups and stews). Oxo makes a set of neat liquid measuring cups that are easy to read from above. If you have trouble bending down to read a cup measurer, I highly recommend the Oxo measuring cups! You can also find them on Amazon.
  • Kitchen scale: I have tried several brands but I love the Oxo kitchen scale the most. The OXO kitchen scale takes regular AA batteries, it can also be used to weigh by difference (with negative numbers!), it has a pull out display, and the stainless steel plate that you weigh on can be removed, making washing so much easier—get the OXO kitchen scale on Amazon. By the way, OXO has a new version of their popular kitchen scale on Amazon, but I haven't tried it yet.
  • Technique is everything so make sure to read this guide to measuring ingredients for baking, so that you use the best techniques.

Below you will find a list of baking conversions that I follow when I'm baking so you can easily convert from grams to cups, or the other way around. If you have to replace one ingredient with another in your recipes, make sure to consult this list of baking substitutions to guide you through the process.

Why "how much does 1 cup weigh" isn't the right question to ask

"How much does 1 cup weigh?" is a question that I get asked a lot, but it's a question that is too vague for me to answer without more details: the reality is that the weight of 1 cup of anything is dependant on the density of the ingredient you are measuring. So 1 cup of all purpose flour does not weigh the same thing as 1 cup of chocolate or 1 cup of skim milk, for example. The volume of 1 cup of flour and 1 cup of milk is the same. Yes. But the weight of 1 cup of these ingredients is not. If you are wondering how to convert from volumes to weights, or vice versa, keep reading or sign up to download this baking conversions chart pdf.

Conversions for fats

Baking conversions for butter from cups to grams

As a rule: 1 stick of butter is ½ cup and weighs 115 grams; 2 sticks of butter is 1 cup and weighs 230 grams. A pound of butter is 4 sticks of butter and weighs 450 grams. You should note that 1 stick of butter is also equivalent to 8 tablespoon of butter. Half a stick of butter is equivalent to ¼ cup or 4 tablespoon of butter. Don't confuse the big pound block of butter with the smaller baking sticks.

  • 1 cup butter weighs 230 grams
  • ¾ cupbutter weighs 173 grams
  • ⅔ cupbutter weighs 153 grams
  • ½ cupbutterweighs115 grams
  • ⅓ cupbutterweighs77 grams
  • ¼ cupbutterweighs58 grams

Baking conversions for oil from cups to grams

The conversion from volume to weight for oil is slightly different than butter. Oil has a lower density than butter, therefore 1 cup oil weighs a little less than 1 cup of butter. In fact, 1 cup of oil weighs 225 grams.

  • 1 cup oilweighs225 grams
  • ¾ cupoilweighs170 grams
  • ⅔ cupoilweighs150 grams
  • ½ cupoilweighs113 grams
  • ⅓ cupoilweighs75 grams
  • ¼ cupoilweighs56 grams


The weight of 1 cup of flour varies according to the type of flour. It also varies greatly according to how you fill the measuring cup with flour. I measure flour using the spoon-into-cup method, as opposed to the scooping method.

  • For the spoon-into-cup method, you are spooning the flour into the dry measuring cup and 1 cup of flour is equivalent to 125 grams, on average. You are not packing and compacting the flour into the cup measure. You are not tapping the measuring cup to pack the flour down so you can squeeze in more!
  • For the scooping method: if you take your measuring cup and drag it through a bag of flour to fill it, the flour is more compact in the measuring cup and therefore, 1 cup of flour will weigh 140 grams, if not more.

If you spoon flour into your measuring cup, 1 cup of flour is equivalent to 125 grams, on average. That's the way I fill a measuring cup and so that is the conversion I use on Kitchen Heals Soul. Here are some useful conversions of cups to grams of flour.

(Video) Baking and Kitchen Conversion Chart / Baking Measurements Grams , Cup , Tsp , Tbsp , ML , L , Oz etc

Baking conversions for all-purpose from cups to grams

As a rule, if you fill your measuring cup by spooning in dry ingredients into the cup, then levelling the top, 1 cup of all-purpose flour weighs 125 grams.

  • 1 cup all-purpose flourweighs125 grams
  • ¾ cup all-purpose flourweighs94 grams
  • ⅔ cup all-purpose flourweighs83 grams
  • ½ cupall-purpose flourweighs63 grams
  • ⅓ cupall-purpose flourweighs42 grams
  • ¼ cup all-purpose flourweighs31 grams
  • NOTE: The above conversions also apply to whole wheat flour, buckwheat flour, bread flour, graham flour, and coconut flour,

Baking conversions for cake flour from cups to grams

Cake flour is lighter than all-purpose flour, and so, 1 cup of cake flour weighs 115 grams. For chestnut flour, 1 cup weighs 115 grams as well. This conversion also applies to chopped nuts: 1 cup of chopped nuts weighs 115 grams.

  • 1 cup cake flour weighs115 grams
  • ¾ cup cake flour weighs86 grams
  • ⅔ cupcake flournutsweighs77 grams
  • ½ cupcake flourweighs58 grams
  • ⅓ cupcake flourweighs38 grams
  • ¼ cupcake flourweighs29 grams
  • NOTE: The above conversions also apply to chestnut flour and chopped nuts
Baking ingredient conversions chart (4)


Baking conversions for granulated sugar&brownsugar (not packed) from cups to grams

Please note that I do not pack my brown sugar into the cup measurer. I spoon the sugar into the measurer. As a rule, 1 cup of sugar weighs 200 grams. If you are measuring brown sugar and you pack the brown sugar tightly into the cup measure, 1 cup of brown sugar will weigh 220 grams, if not more.

  • 1 cup granulated or brown sugarweighs200 grams
  • ¾ cup granulated or brown sugarweighs150 grams
  • ⅔ cup granulated or brown sugarweighs133 grams
  • ½ cup granulated or brown sugarweighs100 grams
  • ⅓ cup granulated or brown sugarweighs67 grams
  • ¼ cup granulated or brown sugarweighs50 grams

Remember 1 cup of packed brown sugar weighs 220 grams.

Baking conversions for icing sugar from cups to grams

I measure icing sugar (also known as powdered sugar) the same way I measure flour,using the spoon-into-cup method, as opposed to the scoop-into-cup method. This means that you are not packing and compacting sugarinto the cup measure. Others may measure icing sugardifferently, but this is how I measure mine. Generally, 1 cup of icing sugar weighs 125 grams.

  • 1 cup icing sugar or powdered sugarweighs125 grams
  • ¾ cup icing sugar or powdered sugarweighs94 grams
  • ⅔ cup icing sugaror powdered sugarweighs83 grams
  • ½ cup icing sugaror powdered sugarweighs 63 grams
  • ⅓ cup icing sugar or powdered sugarweighs 42 grams
  • ¼ cup icing sugaror powdered sugarweighs 31 grams

Baking conversions for honey and maple syrup from cups to grams

Honey and maple syrup are quite dense and therefore 1 cup of honey or maple syrup usually weighs 340 grams (12 oz).

(Video) Weight Conversion Chart for Baking - Gemma's Bold Baking Bootcamp Ep 1

  • 1 cup honey or 1 cup maple syrupweighs 340 grams
  • ¾ cup honey or ¾ cup maple syrupweighs255 grams
  • ⅔ cuphoney or ⅔ cup maple syrupweighs227 grams
  • ½ cuphoney or ½ cup maple syrupweighs 170 grams
  • ⅓ cuphoney or ⅓ cup maple syrupweighs 113 grams
  • ¼ cuphoney or ¼ cup maple syrupweighs 85 grams
Baking ingredient conversions chart (5)


Baking conversions for cocoa powder from cups to grams

I measure cocoathe same way I measure flour,using the spoon-into-cup method, as opposed to the scoop-into-cup method. This means that you are not packing and compacting cocoainto the cup measure. Others may measurecocoa powderdifferently, but this is how I measure mine. In this way, 1 cup of cocoa powder weighs 100 grams.

  • 1 cup cocoa powderweighs 90 grams
  • ¾ cup cocoa powderweighs68 grams
  • ⅔ cup cocoa powderweighs60 grams
  • ½ cup cocoa powderweighs45 grams
  • ⅓ cup cocoa powderweighs30 grams
  • ¼ cup cocoa powderweighs23 grams

If you have a recipe with cocoa powder, but only have dark chocolate on hand, check out my guide to how to replace cocoa powder with dark chocolate.

Baking conversions for chocolate pistoles (specifically Cacao Barry brand) and chopped chocolate from cups to grams

The weight of chocolate per cup is entirely dependent on the shape and size of the pieces of chocolate. In general, 1 cup of chocolate weighs 175 grams. This obviously varies depending on if you have big chunks of chocolate or smaller chocolate chips.

  • 1 cup chocolate pistolesweighs 175 grams
  • ¾ cup chocolate pistolesweighs131grams
  • ⅔ cup chocolate pistolesweighs117 grams
  • ½ cup chocolate pistoles weighs 88grams
  • ⅓ cup chocolate pistolesweighs58 grams
  • ¼ cup chocolate pistolesweighs44grams


While 1 cup of whole almonds weighs 140 grams and may vary depending on the type of nut you are weighing, 1 cup of chopped nuts weighs 115 grams, and 1 cup of ground nuts usually weighs 120 grams. For nut butters, generally 1 cup of nut butter weighs 255 grams.

Baking conversions for whole nuts (varies according to the nut measured) from cups to grams

  • 1 cup of whole nutsweighs140 grams
  • ¾ cup of whole nutsweighs105 grams
  • ⅔ cup of whole nutsweighs93 grams
  • ½ cup of whole nutsweighs70 grams
  • ⅓ cup of whole nutsweighs47 grams
  • ¼ cup of whole nutsweighs35 grams

Baking conversions for chopped nuts from cups to grams

  • 1 cup of chopped nutsweighs115 grams
  • ¾ cup ofchoppednutsweighs87 grams
  • ⅔ cup ofchoppednutsweighs77 grams
  • ½ cup of chopped nutsweighs58 grams
  • ⅓ cup ofchoppednutsweighs38 grams
  • ¼ cup ofchoppednutsweighs29 grams

Baking conversions for ground nuts from cups to grams

  • 1 cup of ground nutsweighs120 grams
  • ¾ cup of ground nutsweighs90 grams
  • ⅔ cup of ground nutsweighs80 grams
  • ½ cup of ground nutsweighs60 grams
  • ⅓ cup of ground nutsweighs40 grams
  • ¼ cup of ground nutsweighs 30 grams

Baking conversions for nut butters (like peanut butter, almond butter, tahini, etc.) from cups to grams

  • 1 cup of nut butterweighs250 grams
  • ¾ cup of nut butterweighs188 grams
  • ⅔ cup ofnut butterweighs167 grams
  • ½ cup ofnut butterweighs125 grams
  • ⅓ cup ofnut buttersweighs83 grams
  • ¼ cup ofnut butterweighs63 grams


For rolled oats or large flake oats, as a rule, 1 cup of oats weighs 80 grams. If the measuring cup is packed tightly, 1 cup of oats could weigh 100 grams.

Baking conversions for rolled oats from cups to grams

  • Convert rolled oats from cups to grams
    • 1 cup of rolled oatsweighs90 grams
    • ¾ cup ofrolled oatsweighs60 grams
    • ⅔ cup ofrolled oatsweighs50 grams
    • ½ cup ofrolled oatsweighs40 grams
    • ⅓ cup ofrolled oatsweighs25 grams
    • ¼ cup ofrolled oatsweighs20 grams
Baking ingredient conversions chart (6)

Converting metric volumes (mL) to imperial volumes (cups)

Some websites set 1 cup as 236 mL (or 240 mL). Others set 1 cup as 230 mL. Personally, I set 1 cup to 250 mL. The important thing is to be consistent. I'm honestly not sure any measuring cups are truly able to distinguish between 240 mL and 250 mL, so let's call 1 cup 250 mL and stick with that. Also, I use American tablespoons and teaspoons to measure smaller amounts of ingredients. And 1 tablespoon (15 mL) is equivalent to 3 teaspoon (3 x 5 mL).

(Video) How many grams are in one cup? | Baking conversion 101 Episode 1

  • Conversions for US cups to millilitres
    • 1 cup = 250 mL
    • ¾ cup = 190 mL
    • ⅔ cup = 170 mL
    • ½ cup = 125 mL
    • ⅓ cup = 80 mL
    • ¼ cup = 60 mL
  • Conversions for US tablespoons & teaspoons to millilitres
    • 1 tablespoon = 15 mL
    • 1 teaspoon = 5 mL
    • ¾ teaspoon = 3.75 mL (rounded to 4 mL)
    • ½ teaspoon = 2.5 mL (rounded to 3 mL)
    • ¼ teaspoon = 1.25 mL (rounded to 1 mL)
    • ⅛ teaspoon = 0.625 mL (rounded to <1 mL)

Please don't use the mL button on your kitchen scale, if it has one, to measure a volume. Yes, you can weigh a volume, but the button on your kitchen scale is assuming that you are weighing out water, which has a density of 1 gram per millilitre. For example, most oils have a density of 0.9 g per mL, so if you use the mL button on your kitchen scale to measure a volume, it will do so incorrectly and this may lead to problems in your recipe. If you need to measure a volume, use liquid measuring cups (like this set on Amazon).

Baking conversions chart

I created a handy chart that you can download to save on your tablet for when you bake. You can also print it and keep in your kitchen! The chart will help you easily convert recipes from volumes to weights, cups to grams, and also convert other baking elements, like fluid ounces to millilitres, temperatures from Celsius to Fahrenheit, centimetres to inches, etc. I'm giving away the charts FREE if you subscribe. Click here to get the details about the baking conversions chart pdf! You can also buy the complete bundle to convert ingredients, pans, temperatures, volumes, weights, and more.

Baking ingredient conversions chart (7)

If you ever have trouble with baking terminology, I've also written out a list of baking vocabulary and French pastry terms that you might find useful. There's also have a complete list of baking abbreviations in case you need it.


Baking ingredient conversions chart? ›

The most accurate way to convert any weight measurements of common ingredients is with a kitchen scale, preferably a digital scale. As well as using the metric system (the most accurate weight system). Below are different baking conversions charts grouped by ingredients and organized in alphabetical order.

How do you convert baking measurements? ›

Use the following dry measurement conversions to easily adjust your recipes.
  1. 1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons.
  2. 1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons.
  3. 1/3 cup = 5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon.
  4. 1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons.
  5. 1 cup = 16 tablespoons.

What is the most accurate baking conversion? ›

The most accurate way to convert any weight measurements of common ingredients is with a kitchen scale, preferably a digital scale. As well as using the metric system (the most accurate weight system). Below are different baking conversions charts grouped by ingredients and organized in alphabetical order.

How do you convert ounces to cups in baking? ›

To find cups, you need to divide fluid ounces by 8, because one cup contains exactly 8 fluid ounces. Let's count it step by step: 1 cup = 8 fluid ounces.

What is the formula for calculating a conversion factor to scale a recipe? ›

Decide what yield is required. This is the information you NEED. Obtain the conversion factor by dividing the required yield (from Step 2) by the old yield (from Step 1). That is, conversion factor = (required yield)/(recipe yield) or conversion factor = what you NEED ÷ what you HAVE.

What is the baking ratio formula? ›

To calculate the baker's percentage for bread or any other baked goods: Weigh the ingredient of your choice. Divide the weight of your ingredient by the total weight of the flour. Multiply the result by 100 to convert it to a percentage.

What is the measurement of 1 cup in baking? ›

Officially, a US Cup is 240ml (or 8.45 imperial fluid ounces.) This is slightly different from an Australian, Canadian and South African Cup which is 250ml. As long as you use the same cup for measuring out each of your ingredients, the proportions should work out the same.

What is the most common mistake in baking? ›

Over mixing the batter is the most common baking error and can result in a dense cake. Mixing the ingredients works the flour, activating the gluten. But, the more gluten that develops, the tougher your cake can be.

Is it better to weigh ingredients when baking? ›

When it comes to baking, weighing your ingredients is much more accurate than using volume measurements like cups and pints. If you've ever had a cake turn out too dense or too small, or maybe cracked on top, those are all problems that result from measuring your flour incorrectly.

Do baking measurements have to be exact? ›

When you think about it, baking is simply chemical reactions between ingredients to produce the desired result. For the chemical reaction to happen, the ratio of ingredients has to be correct and that's why accurate measurements are important.

Is 8 oz the same as 1 cup? ›

To convert 8 ounces into cups, you will need to multiply 8 by 0.125. This will give you the result of one cup, since 1 cup is equal to 8 ounces. Therefore, 8 ounces is equal to 1 cup. This is a simple and easy way to convert ounces into cups and can come in handy when measuring out ingredients or liquids.

Is 4 oz the same as 1 cup? ›

To convert 4 ounces to cups, you can simply use 1/2 cup as a substitute. To get the number of cups from fluid ounces, you divide the number of ounces by 8. So 4 ounces divided by 8 equals 1/2 cup.

How many Oz is a cup of dry ingredients? ›

Dry Ounces to Cups

There are 4.5 dry-weight ounces in 1 cup. This is according to the US system. With dry ingredients, you need to measure it by weight. There is a big difference between fluid and dry ounces.

How do you convert recipe grams to ounces? ›

For example, if you want to convert a recipe developed in Europe to quantities more familiar to U.S. cooks, converting gram measurements to ounces is simply a matter of dividing the gram measurement by 28. For example, if an ingredient calls for 21 grams, divide by 28 to arrive at 3/4 (. 75) ounce.

What are the units for measuring ingredients? ›

Teaspoons, tablespoons, and cups are common volume measurements found in recipes. The two most commonly used units of weight measurement for cooking are the ounce and the pound.

What are the three ways to measure ingredients? ›

By now you've figured out there are three primary kitchen tools for measuring: measuring spoons, liquid measuring cups, and dry measuring cups. A kitchen scale is also helpful for measuring ingredients, as it can be used to measure pasta, or for more precise amounts.


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